GoDaddy’s $1-hosting plans are an absolute steal in affordable email hosting. You may already know them as the world’s top domain name registrar, and they’re known throughout the industry for their domain, email, and shared hosting plans. With award-winning customer support, unlimited email accounts, and simple setup options, GoDaddy is the leader in cheap email hosting.

When it comes to resources, the company stated that they supply more than enough CPU and RAM to please the “average” web hosting customer. A high level of performance is seen by customers since they avoid overselling any single’s services. Free Cloudflare CDN, LiteSpeed or MariaDB servers, and other caching features are not advertised in their website.
You could think of the sites that share your server as your roommates; there's really not that much separating you from them. Sure, you can close the bedroom door, but they can still cause nightmares for you in the kitchen and the bathroom. In web hosting terms, all the sites share a single server's resources, so huge traffic spike on Site A may impact the neighboring sites' performances. It's even possible that another site could take down the shared server altogether, if it crashed hard enough.
Cirrus provides various options for you to get the help you need: Ticket Submission, Knowledge Base, Phone Support, and Online Live Chat. The last two support options are available 24/7. Their support service garnered mixed reviews. Some customers were very happy with their service and stated that they were very quick to respond. Others, however, were dissatisfied with their support representatives saying that it even took them more than 3 days to respond to support tickets.
Put simply: unlike traditional webmail which is supported by advertising, email hosting is an ad-free service designed for small to medium-sized businesses, as well as individuals with high demands who wish to set up a more robust email service. In addition to providing users with comprehensive support, email hosting also features increased capabilities such as storage, security, and data recovery.
Complete Internet Solutions is not like that. The price they quote is your locked-in price. In addition, they offer a free twelve months on top of your term. So, if you sign up for two years at $3.95 a month, you pay $94.80 for the two years, and then pay nothing for another year. If you choose to renew at the end of those three years, you can repeat that pricing program without a fee increase. This is how it should be done.
For more business-oriented customers, it offers a full range of VPS and cloud hosting, along with serious Java Tomcat hosting, including shared and private JVMs, as well as Java VPS offerings. With a company named MochaHost, you'd expect some quality Java support and it has it. So brew yourself a cuppa, open a browser window and give MochaHost a spin. You have half a year to make up your mind, so if it turns out MochaHost really isn't your cup of tea, it'll understand.
I used godaddy for a few years but grew tired of constant price hikes not to mention how difficult it was to edit my site. My site was deleted when I canceled my subscription and I can’t use my web site name unless I want to fork over almost $200. I don’t need online ordering as I’m a small home bakery, I don’t need one email address let alone 10, I just want an online presence so customers can find me. However, I want to be sure I’m buying something I can work with easily. Any suggestions?
Knowing the communications-specific features to keep an eye out for, and the hosts that offer them for a reasonable price, you’re all set to get started with the best email hosting service for you. Whether you’re planning the launch of Dan Jones Independent Design or setting up accounts for your 10-year-old established practice, the top email hosts empower you to communicate professionally, personally, and cost-effectively. Best of all: You can be signed up (with your free domain!) in mere minutes.
The best web hosting service right now is Bluehost. Based in Utah, Bluehost is the preferred partner for WordPress, the world's favourite website builder. This service does a great job of balancing price and features for less experienced businesses, while offering lots of options for more advanced users. Its shared hosting packages start with a very reasonable 'basic' plan, targeted at home users.
As a digital agency, we get a LOT of web hosting related questions. People want to know which web host is best for their specific goals (could be a normal business site, or photographer, small blogger, etc.), or where to find a decent comparison that reviews the best web hosting providers for Canada. The majority have problems identifying which web hosts are actually worth the money, provide the most bang for their buck. So to save ourselves some time answering these questions time and time again, we decided to put a good chunk of time into creating a resource that provides many of the answers people are looking for… and so this guide was born!
In housing terms, VPS hosting is like renting your own apartment in a larger building. You're much more isolated than in the roommate situation mentioned above; it's still possible that a neighboring apartment could causes annoyance for you, but far less likely. In web hosting terms, Site A's traffic surge won't have nearly as much impact on Site B or Site C. As you'd expect, VPS hosting costs more than shared hosting. You'll pay roughly $20 to $60 per month.
Once you choose your provider, it's time for you to open an account with the monthly plan that fits your needs. If you still have questions about which plan is suitable for you, call its customer support staff and have them assist you through the registration process. Companies will generally charge a credit card on a monthly basis, however, some companies will also offer discounts for paying a yearly payment at once.
What most people overlook when deciding on an email service is the storage capacity. The IONOS email hosting service provides you with plenty of storage space for your online documents and emails depending on your package or email quota. In addition to this, IMAP server access, which allows you to access your email from multiple devices enables you to work from anywhere you like. With the extra security of geo-redundancy, the administrative support provided and the extensive customer care network, email hosting provides a stress-free experience for individuals and businesses alike. IONOS's email hosting service gives you the freedom to choose your own email domain, helping you to pave your own path in your professional life.

A CDN is a massive network of servers all around the world that carry a cached version of your website, the main reason to have a CDN attached to your site is to maximise loading speeds no matter where the visitors are coming from. For example: If a visitor from France wants to browse the site, then the closest server or node to that location will serve the website, rather than the server in Canada doing all the work. Other benefits of having a CDN include protection against DDOS attacks and reducing your origin servers’ resource load.

Cloudways is, needless to say, a web hosting service which is focused on one thing only, cloud web hosting, hence the name. They offer a fully managed cloud hosting of which all plans have one fantastic feature: pay as you go. In other words, you only pay for the resources you need and nothing else. This makes it very user-friendly, for everyone to benefit from. Being the type of a hosting provider which focuses only on managed cloud hosting platform, it makes them one of the best at what they do. If you are looking for something else, Cloudways is not the host to go with.


A CDN is a massive network of servers all around the world that carry a cached version of your website, the main reason to have a CDN attached to your site is to maximise loading speeds no matter where the visitors are coming from. For example: If a visitor from France wants to browse the site, then the closest server or node to that location will serve the website, rather than the server in Canada doing all the work. Other benefits of having a CDN include protection against DDOS attacks and reducing your origin servers’ resource load.
Do you have a bigger website that you are looking to find a web hosting solution for? If so, dedicated server hosting might be the ideal choice for you. Giving the user access to an entire server all to themselves, this is a web hosting option most often chosen by much larger websites that store a lot of information and generate a much higher amount of traffic. Websites like real estate directories, large e-commerce sites, and more, might make user of a dedicated server hosting plan to get their website running and give their users the smoothest experience from their high-performance website.
The best web hosting service right now is Bluehost. Based in Utah, Bluehost is the preferred partner for WordPress, the world's favourite website builder. This service does a great job of balancing price and features for less experienced businesses, while offering lots of options for more advanced users. Its shared hosting packages start with a very reasonable 'basic' plan, targeted at home users.
In housing terms, VPS hosting is like renting your own apartment in a larger building. You're much more isolated than in the roommate situation mentioned above; it's still possible that a neighboring apartment could causes annoyance for you, but far less likely. In web hosting terms, Site A's traffic surge won't have nearly as much impact on Site B or Site C. As you'd expect, VPS hosting costs more than shared hosting. You'll pay roughly $20 to $60 per month.
Support is provided in various ways such as through a Support Portal, Video Tutorials, Telephone, Live Chat, and Ticket Submission. All of these support options are available 24/7. Reviews regarding HostGator’s support system were mixed. A lot of people were pleased with their support staff. Although, some people were also pissed as representatives were stated to be incompetent with the company’s products and services.
Support is an essential element of any service, whether it is web hosting or not. However, web hosting is something that can get extremely tricky if you’re not well-versed and experienced in that area, making support even more essential. You should always ensure that any provider you sign up with offers live chat and phone support to clients, and you might even want to keep an eye out for 24/7 support so you can get assistance whenever you might need it.
Toby Sembower built and hosted his first website in 1998, when the Internet was often annoyingly referred to as "the information super-highway." Toby is the first to admit that site was plain terrible. Nonetheless, it piqued his interest in the Web, and he would go on to build, own, and operate (and host externally) sites totaling 100+ million visits on a variety of subject matters. Today Toby is CEO at Digital Brands Inc., a fast-growing firm that owns and operates a number of popular web properties.
If you're on a budget and looking for the best free web hosting service, we'd recommend Weebly. The free option comes with free SSL security and 500MB storage, plus SEO and lead capture and contact forms. As you'd expect, there are limitations that come with choosing a free option: you'll have a Weebly-branded URL and ads on your site. If you want to remove these, you'll need to bump up to a paid plan. Users can also benefit from Weebly’s range of stylish website templates.

1. Is it going to be a static HTML site or do you need a website builder or a CMS? If you only need a simple static website, any host will do the job just fine, so you can concentrate on the cheapest pricing. However, if you need a CMS or website builder solution, look at the best providers that include auto-installers or built-in website builders.
This is where an email host like SiteGround can be a winning deal for individuals. SiteGround will give you a free domain name, where you get unlimited email hosting that’s compatible with most all major email and webmail clients (RoundCube, Outlook, SquirrelMail, etc.). Your email is secured with integrated anti-SPAM protection, and you can easily manage your account via cPanel, the web’s leading control panel for hosting.

Before we get into this, let’s clear something up, while a lot of people are looking and asking around for the top domain hosting services, domain hosting isn’t actually a thing. The term is a combination of “domain name”, and “web hosting”. What most people mean with domain hosting, is generally the setup of a website, and it’s url or domain name.
1. Is it going to be a static HTML site or do you need a website builder or a CMS? If you only need a simple static website, any host will do the job just fine, so you can concentrate on the cheapest pricing. However, if you need a CMS or website builder solution, look at the best providers that include auto-installers or built-in website builders.
Make difficult moral decisions in this modern drama. You take the role of Alex, an average guy having a not so average day. Juggle relations with your friends while you puzzle over choices of right and wrong. Explore what it means to be a good person. Determine if the law is always right. Choose between yourself and your friends. Decide between romance or friendship. And ultimately hold the life of another in your hands. One day can be packed with enough drama, tension, and death to change your life forever. But at the end of that day you’re faced with the question: are you a good person?
You also want a web host with 24/7 customer support—if not by phone, then at least by chat. Forums, knowledge bases, and help tickets are all well and good, but sometimes you just need to communicate with another human to get things ironed out as quickly as possible. That said, not all 24/7 customer support teams are equal. Companies like GoDaddy and Liquid Web boast incredibly knowledgeable and helpful customer support squads—a fact that we confirmed in our in-depth reviews of those web hosting services.
Many web hosting services offer so-called unlimited or unmetered service for whatever amount of bandwidth, disk storage and sites you use. It's important to understand that most terms of service actually do limit the definition of "unlimited" to what's considered reasonable use. The bottom line is simple: if you're building a pretty basic website, unlimited means you don't need to worry. But if you're trying to do something excessive (or illegal, immoral or fattening), the fine print in the terms of service will trigger, and you'll either be asked to spend more or go elsewhere.

Many web hosting services offer a low "starting price," but require you to prepay for two or three years of service to get that price. After the promotional period, the renewal price for some web hosting services can be two, three, or even four times the initial promotional pricing. While the initial deal might be incredible, the cost of transferring your site (or paying the added fee) in a couple of years may be something to consider.


You also want a web host with 24/7 customer support—if not by phone, then at least by chat. Forums, knowledge bases, and help tickets are all well and good, but sometimes you just need to communicate with another human to get things ironed out as quickly as possible. That said, not all 24/7 customer support teams are equal. Companies like GoDaddy and Liquid Web boast incredibly knowledgeable and helpful customer support squads—a fact that we confirmed in our in-depth reviews of those web hosting services.
When it comes to speed, the cheapest plan gives you 1 Full CPU Core. The larger the number of CPU cores, the faster the website. They have customized versions of LiteSpeed, PHP, and MySQL making your website blazing fast regardless of the number of visitors. Solid state drives are used making your website speed faster compared to those who employ traditional mechanical drives. They do not have servers in Canada. Although they have multiple data center locations in Phoenix and Chicago, USA, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Singapore, and Sweden, Stockholm.
Spam is a widespread phenomenon on the internet. Unwanted mails are not only a nuisance, they can also contain malicious phishing links or Trojans disguised as attachments. Our efficient IONOS email spam filter protects you against unwanted messages. In the settings of your email account you can activate the free IONOS email spam blocker. This filters out a large portion of suspicious content and unsafe contacts. If you are still receiving regular spam messages, you can make further adjustments to the web mail settings. For example, in the email spam filter settings, you can add certain email addresses and contacts on an email spam blacklist. Mails from contacts in this blacklist are automatically deleted, and you can remove a contact from the blacklist at any given time.
CDNs not only help the stability of your website by distributing the traffic among different servers, they can also help to prevent cyber attacks. If a hacker tries to gain access to the cached version of the website from the server closest to them, your original content will remain untouched. HostPapa always aims to provide you with the best website hosting features to ensure your visitors are always pleased with your website.

The company also offers higher-end Windows and Linux servers, available with Plesk and cPanel respectively. We were very intrigued to see that the company offers low-end Atom-based dedicated servers as well as the more traditional Xeon-based machines. One great resource for those doing some basic experimentation, or site development, is that it has a free, three-month trial for one of its lightly equipped Atom servers.


The company also offers higher-end Windows and Linux servers, available with Plesk and cPanel respectively. We were very intrigued to see that the company offers low-end Atom-based dedicated servers as well as the more traditional Xeon-based machines. One great resource for those doing some basic experimentation, or site development, is that it has a free, three-month trial for one of its lightly equipped Atom servers.
Many web hosting services offer so-called unlimited or unmetered service for whatever amount of bandwidth, disk storage and sites you use. It's important to understand that most terms of service actually do limit the definition of "unlimited" to what's considered reasonable use. The bottom line is simple: if you're building a pretty basic website, unlimited means you don't need to worry. But if you're trying to do something excessive (or illegal, immoral or fattening), the fine print in the terms of service will trigger, and you'll either be asked to spend more or go elsewhere.
This is where an email host like SiteGround can be a winning deal for individuals. SiteGround will give you a free domain name, where you get unlimited email hosting that’s compatible with most all major email and webmail clients (RoundCube, Outlook, SquirrelMail, etc.). Your email is secured with integrated anti-SPAM protection, and you can easily manage your account via cPanel, the web’s leading control panel for hosting. 

With 1&1’s Basic package, you get 100 GB storage, 1 free domain for the first 12 months and an SSL certificate. For scalability, level 1 is included. Meaning, up to 2.5 GB RAM of which half is always guaranteed. You see an instant traffic increase? This allows your website to work uninterrupted. Scalability goes up to level 5 in just one click. Be always prepared.

On the plus side, SiteGround offers free automatic daily backups, access to the Cloudflare CDN, high-performance SSDs for all plans, unlimited email accounts and integration of the free LetsEncrypt SSL certificate into sites. The company does limit bandwidth and storage, but even those who claim to offer so-called unlimited bandwidth and storage really have some limits in its terms of service.

I want to ask I’m a student and we will have an assignment in our school for next half year it’s my last year and this is project will decide my mark (grade). I want to make a blog and I don’t need any top-noch hosting for this. The site is potential going to be shut down after this project. So my question is do you recommend any of the hostings above.
Offering the most fabulous website experience will be a breeze with SiteGround. It is the type of a hosting company which focuses on the essentials first. That said, their plans might not be sporting loads of features compared to some of the competition. But that is not necessarily a bad thing. As a matter of fact, with fewer goodies to think about, they can put more focus on the actual performance. It is all about the must-haves when it comes to SiteGround’s web hosting services for your personal pages.
Finally, we were quite happy with their money-back guarantee. They offer a full 90-day guarantee (except for domain names you buy) and a pro-rated refund for the rest of your time. So if you want to cancel after 18 months and have six months left in your term, you'll get back the cost of the six remaining months. It's clear, it's understandable, and it's the straightforward way we'd like to see most providers use as a model.
Bluehost (established in 1996) is the most reliable beginner-friendly web hosting out there. The cheapest plan starts from just $2.75/mo (if you pay for 36-month in advance), renewals start at $7.99/mo. With the basic plan, you can host 1 website. The plan includes a free domain for 1 year, 50GB SSD storage, unmetered bandwidth, free SSL and 24/7 live chat support.
Our Website Backup automatically backs up your data – every day. And in worst-case scenarios, if disaster strikes, it’s ok – you can restore your data with a single “click.” So, get Website Backup and stop worrying about data loss. Get back to doing what you do best – running your business and making money. And speaking of money, here’s the best part – we’re offering it for only C$1.99/mo.
You can also host your website on WordPress.com, but that's different from the kind of hosting mentioned above. WordPress.com uses the same code from WordPress.org, but it hides the server code and handles the hosting for you. In that sense, it resembles entries in our online site builder roundup. It's a simpler but less flexible and customizable way to approach WordPress hosting. It's definitely easier, but if you want to tinker and adjust and optimize every aspect of your site, it might not be for you.
For more than a decade, Jeffrey L. Wilson has penned gadget- and video game-related nerd-copy for a variety of publications, including 1UP, 2D-X, The Cask, Laptop, LifeStyler, Parenting, Sync, Wise Bread, and WWE. He now brings his knowledge and skillset to PCMag as Senior Analyst. When he isn't staring at a monitor (or two) and churning out web hosting, music, utilities, and video game copy, Jeffrey makes comic books, mentors, practices bass and Jeet Kune Do, and appears on the odd podcasts or convention panel. He also collects vinyl and greatly enjoys a craft brew. You can a find Jeffrey online at jeffreylwilson.net, or send him a tweet at @jeffreylwilson
The first game did a good job of setting the world up and highlighting potential conflicts, and this one followed through perfectly on everything the first promised. Some of the stats get refined, which was a nice touch up since they’re easier to navigate than the first game. The length was great, the choices actually came into play, and while I’ve only done one run so far, I believe the replay value will be pretty high just because of the branching options the story offers at several points. You also really got a chance to flesh out just what kind of hero your MC is, so that was another bonus. On top of that, all the other characters’ personalities play perfectly against everyone else’s, and by the end of the game, I felt even closer to them than I did by the finish of the first.
For more than a decade, Jeffrey L. Wilson has penned gadget- and video game-related nerd-copy for a variety of publications, including 1UP, 2D-X, The Cask, Laptop, LifeStyler, Parenting, Sync, Wise Bread, and WWE. He now brings his knowledge and skillset to PCMag as Senior Analyst. When he isn't staring at a monitor (or two) and churning out web hosting, music, utilities, and video game copy, Jeffrey makes comic books, mentors, practices bass and Jeet Kune Do, and appears on the odd podcasts or convention panel. He also collects vinyl and greatly enjoys a craft brew. You can a find Jeffrey online at jeffreylwilson.net, or send him a tweet at @jeffreylwilson
I want to ask I’m a student and we will have an assignment in our school for next half year it’s my last year and this is project will decide my mark (grade). I want to make a blog and I don’t need any top-noch hosting for this. The site is potential going to be shut down after this project. So my question is do you recommend any of the hostings above.

With a web hosting plan from HostPapa, you’ll get a dedicated, professional IT team, without the cost! The Papa Squad is ready to tackle any of your web hosting issues, and we’re ready to help 24/7. The Papa Squad are technical customer service experts with the knowledge and experience to help you solve any web hosting challenge that your website may face. No matter how many visitors, the amount of traffic or the number of orders your website receives, we’re here to make sure your web hosting solution can handle it all.

You gain the most web-building functionality if you create a self-hosted site. This typically involves transfering the free WordPress CMS to server or signing up for a web host's optimized WordPress plan. With an optimized plan, the host automatically handles backend stuff, so you don't have to worry about updating the plug-ins and CMS, and enabling automatic backups. In these instances, the WordPress environment typically comes pre-installed on the server.
Food bloggers, travel enthusiasts, fashionistas, gamers, photographers, designers, you name it, a personal website is a fantastic way to share your knowledge and expertness with the world. Or maybe you are launching a special event which you want to share with your close ones or impress the employer with an online resume. Bear in mind, the latter actually gives you a higher chance of landing the job you always wanted to have.
Our Website Backup automatically backs up your data – every day. And in worst-case scenarios, if disaster strikes, it’s ok – you can restore your data with a single “click.” So, get Website Backup and stop worrying about data loss. Get back to doing what you do best – running your business and making money. And speaking of money, here’s the best part – we’re offering it for only C$1.99/mo.
When it comes to server operating systems, Linux is typically the default option. Still, some services offer a choice of Linux or Windows hosting. If you have specific server-side applications that require Windows, such as SQL Server or a custom application written in .NET, then you need to make sure your web host has Windows hosting. But don't let the idea of a Linux host intimidate you. Nowadays, most web hosts offer a graphical interface or a control panel to simplify server administration and website management. Instead of typing at the command line, you'll click easily identifiable icons. 

Journey through Space and uncover the secrets of the asteroid Zebulon! Pilot a spacecraft with two loyal sidekicks and your pet goldfish Henry. Travel to the Moon, meet some interesting characters, and then blast off to the Asteroid Belt. Along the way make the right choices to discover the secrets of Zebulon and your own past. If Douglas Adams had written a multiple-choice gamebook, it might not be entirely unlike this! 

CloudLinux helps protect websites in a shared website hosting environment. If one of the websites on the servers gets attacked or gets a sudden growth in popularity and a lot of unexpected traffic, it will start draining all of the server resources, affecting other websites. CloudLinux makes sure this doesn’t happen. It will either slow down the website to stop it from hogging all resources or it will temporarily shut it down.

SSDs are three times faster than the traditional HDDs (Hard Disk Drives) where data was stored in the past. Some website hosting providers still rely on those, putting their customer data at risk of getting lost, as HDDs are not just slower but also a lot less reliable. HostPapa doesn’t compromise on quality when it comes to our customers’ data and hosting experience.

They have shared hosting plans, reseller plans, and WordPress hosting plans. Their support is available 24/7/365 and very responsive. What we really liked about GreenGeeks is the default list of free features you get with every hosting plan. Everything from a free domain name, free SSL, free website migration, free CDN integration, to super fast SSD storage, and an impressive security system to keep everything running smooth!


Dreamhost has a really good reputation, and with good reason. All the hosting products are solid, their support on point, and their server nice and speedy. They also don’t outsource support which is always a big win in our book. Ease of use is another thing Dreamhost is known for, as they’ve custom built a control panel for their customers… it’s very user-friendly.
Please be objective. Please remove A2 from your blog. They encountered serious issue with their Windows server. Site down again, same thing happened on past April, have a look at https://windowswebhostingreview.com/a2hosting-infected-malware-looking-for-a2-asp-net-hosting-alternative/. I think they will recover so I give chance for them. But not now, I will take legal action to them. I subscribed their Windows hosting plan for 12 months * Have had major outage in past April and then it happened again. Right now, my site still down. * The web server process is being killed after five to ten minutes idle time, which is resulting in a minimum 40 seconds extra wait time for most users entering the website. I RECOMMEND to avoid A2.
Spam is a widespread phenomenon on the internet. Unwanted mails are not only a nuisance, they can also contain malicious phishing links or Trojans disguised as attachments. Our efficient IONOS email spam filter protects you against unwanted messages. In the settings of your email account you can activate the free IONOS email spam blocker. This filters out a large portion of suspicious content and unsafe contacts. If you are still receiving regular spam messages, you can make further adjustments to the web mail settings. For example, in the email spam filter settings, you can add certain email addresses and contacts on an email spam blacklist. Mails from contacts in this blacklist are automatically deleted, and you can remove a contact from the blacklist at any given time.
You gain the most web-building functionality if you create a self-hosted site. This typically involves transfering the free WordPress CMS to server or signing up for a web host's optimized WordPress plan. With an optimized plan, the host automatically handles backend stuff, so you don't have to worry about updating the plug-ins and CMS, and enabling automatic backups. In these instances, the WordPress environment typically comes pre-installed on the server.
Your page, which you always dreamt about launching, gets realized with DreamHost easily. It is a superb web hosting for a personal website with the cutting edge technology. Depending on your needs, there are two hostings which you can go with, WordPress or shared. Both are fully loaded with excellent features for your website to shine in the online space. Since DreamHost uses SSD servers, your website’s performance will be way faster compared to HDD servers. To be sure your website will be live at all times, they automatically scale up bandwidth when needed. On top of that, DreamHost is putting a lot of time and effort into making their services the most secure out there.

Rather than storing data on physical servers, cloud customers are hosted on a connected network of virtual machines. The service is software-independent and perfect for folks who benefit from high availability and on-demand, pay-as-you-go resources. Ranked #1 for cloud-based VPS hosting, InMotion offers performance-enhancing SSDs, free data backups, and managed server options.
Once you decide you price range, you need to consider how long you'll need web hosting. If it's a short-term project—say, less than a month or two—you can typically receive a refund should you cancel your hosting within 60 days. Some companies offer 30-day money-back guarantees, others offer 90-day money-back guarantees. Once again, it's beneficial to do your homework.
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